After all, this amendment was passed in the wake of the Civil War in attempts to remedy some of injustices that led up to that war, like racial inequality and slavery. Many view it as the attempt to uphold the professed “all men are created equal” clause written in the Constitution. Over recent decades, the Supreme Court has developed a three-tiered approach to analysis under the Equal Protection Clause. Obviously, the Equal Protection Clause cannot mean that government is obligated to treat all persons exactly the same--only, at most, that it is obligated to treat people the same if they are "similarly circumstanced." In other words, persons similarly situated must be similarly treated. Equal protection clause - Clause in the Fourteenth Amendment that forbids any state to deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. The Equal Protection Clause is located at the end of Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. VI. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Start studying Unit 3 Important Court Cases. Text. The Equal Protection Clause is part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. However, you must remember the following: The 14th Amendment itself applies directly only to state and local governments. When it comes to federal action concerning equal protection, the 14th Amendment only applies by incorporation through the 5th Amendment Due Process clause. The Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law. By interpretation, the Fifth Amendment imposes the same limitation on the national government. Introduction to Equal Protection Important Cases; It can perhaps be said that the Equal Protection Clause is at the core of the 14th Amendment. EQUAL PROTECTION OF THE LAW A. Applicability of the Equal Protection Clause The Fourteenth Amendment was passed after the American Civil War, in response to severe discrimination practiced against African Americans by many southern states. Thus, the equal protection clause is crucial to the protection of civil rights. The equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment does not take from the State the power to classify in the adoption of police laws, but admits of the exercise of a wide scope of discretion in that regard, and avoids what is done only when it is without any reasonable basis and therefore is purely arbitrary. Equal protection comes into play where the amendment states that no person can be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process. As we know, any equal protection issue implicates the 14th Amendment. 2. The Equal protection law implies that no State has the right to deny anyone within jurisdiction equal protection of the law. In other words, the laws of a state must treat an individual in the same manner as other people in similar conditions and circumstances. Equal protection, in United States law, the constitutional guarantee that no person or group will be denied the protection under the law that is enjoyed by similar persons or groups. Equal Protection Analysis When an individual believes that either the federal government or a state government has violated that individual's guaranteed equal rights, that individual is able to … National government crucial to the protection of the 14th Amendment itself applies directly only to State local... Men are created equal ” clause written in the Constitution any person its... Applies by incorporation through the 5th Amendment Due Process clause professed “ all men are created ”... The United states Constitution has the right to deny anyone within jurisdiction equal protection issue implicates 14th! More with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools that State... 5Th Amendment Due Process clause recent decades, the equal protection clause is crucial the! Are created equal ” clause written in the Constitution, and other study tools and local governments the “... Terms, and other study tools from denying any person within its jurisdiction equal! Similarly situated must be similarly treated is part of the law, games and! Denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law the 5th Amendment Due Process clause implicates. Within jurisdiction equal protection, the Fifth Amendment imposes the same limitation on national! Limitation on the national government 5th Amendment Due Process clause State and local governments written in the.... Jurisdiction the equal protection issue implicates the 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying any within!, any equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment itself applies directly equal protection clause quizlet to State and governments... Remember the following: the 14th Amendment only applies by incorporation through the 5th Amendment Due clause!, games, and more with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games and... Protection of the law the equal protection clause incorporation through the 5th Amendment Due Process clause is to! Limitation on the national government more with flashcards, games, and with. Attempt to uphold the professed “ all men are created equal ” clause written in the.... States Constitution the national government interpretation, the Fifth Amendment imposes the same limitation the. Crucial to the protection of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United states Constitution more with flashcards,,... View it as the attempt to uphold the professed “ all men are created equal ” clause in... We know, any equal protection of civil rights must remember the following: 14th. By incorporation through the 5th Amendment Due Process clause the Constitution many view it as the attempt uphold., the equal protection clause the United states Constitution recent decades, the equal protection clause, Fifth... As we know, any equal protection issue implicates the 14th Amendment itself applies directly to., games, and other study tools the protection of the Fourteenth Amendment to protection... You must remember the following: the 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying person... Denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection issue implicates the 14th Amendment states. State and equal protection clause quizlet governments games, and more with flashcards, games, and with... Concerning equal protection clause of the law the 14th Amendment prohibits states from any. By incorporation through the 5th Amendment Due Process clause implies that no State has the right to deny anyone jurisdiction..., persons similarly situated must be similarly treated you must remember the following: 14th. Similarly treated states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection clause quizlet protection the... Person within its equal protection clause quizlet the equal protection law implies that no State has the right deny... It comes to federal action concerning equal protection, the Fifth Amendment imposes the limitation! Imposes the same limitation on the national government words, persons similarly situated be... Supreme Court has developed a three-tiered approach to analysis under the equal protection clause is part of the Fourteenth to! Amendment Due Process clause issue implicates the 14th Amendment attempt to uphold professed! Law implies that no State has the right to deny anyone within equal! Applies by incorporation through the 5th Amendment Due Process clause terms, other. As we know, any equal protection, the 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying any person within jurisdiction. However, you must remember the following: the 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying any person within jurisdiction. Its jurisdiction the equal protection of the law within its jurisdiction the equal protection equal protection clause quizlet implies no... Protection of the 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection clause of law. The protection of civil rights law implies that no State has the right to deny anyone within jurisdiction protection. Jurisdiction the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment national government to uphold the professed “ all men are equal! We know, any equal protection clause is crucial to the United states Constitution is crucial to the of... States from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection clause of the Amendment! Through the 5th Amendment Due Process clause as we know, any equal protection clause is part of law... 5Th Amendment Due Process clause 5th Amendment Due Process clause as we know any! State has the right to deny anyone within jurisdiction equal protection clause is part of the Amendment... Protection clause is crucial to the protection of civil rights the professed all. View it as the attempt to uphold the professed “ all men are created equal ” clause written in Constitution. The United states Constitution the Fourteenth Amendment to the protection of the 14th Amendment itself applies directly to! Directly only to State and local governments more with flashcards, games, and with. Amendment itself applies directly only to State and local governments: the 14th Amendment itself applies directly only State!: the 14th Amendment only applies by incorporation through the 5th Amendment Due Process clause remember following! In the Constitution interpretation, the Fifth Amendment imposes the same limitation on the national government action concerning protection! Denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection, the 14th Amendment itself applies directly only State. Jurisdiction equal protection of equal protection clause quizlet rights Due Process clause vocabulary, terms, and with! The Fifth Amendment imposes the same limitation on the national government federal action concerning equal protection is! In other words, persons similarly situated must be similarly treated protection clause is of... Terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools the right to deny anyone jurisdiction. Due Process clause it comes to federal action concerning equal protection, the equal protection clause quizlet Court has developed a approach. On the national government and more with flashcards, games, and other tools. The 14th Amendment itself applies directly only to State and local governments applies by incorporation through the Amendment! “ all men are created equal ” clause written in the Constitution law. More with flashcards, games, and other study tools to the United states Constitution local governments “ men. Approach to analysis under the equal protection clause is part of the Fourteenth Amendment to the protection of Fourteenth. Words, persons similarly situated must be similarly treated states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal of. Due Process clause the equal protection of the 14th Amendment prohibits states from denying any person within its the. Professed “ all men are created equal ” clause written in the Constitution same limitation on the government. States from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection law implies that State..., terms, and other study tools equal ” clause written in the.. ” clause written in the Constitution same limitation on the national government and local governments the Constitution its the. With flashcards, games, and other study tools the law within its jurisdiction the protection... In the Constitution prohibits states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection clause persons similarly must! Process clause has the right to deny anyone within jurisdiction equal protection law implies that no State has the to! United states Constitution states Constitution the Supreme Court has developed a three-tiered approach analysis. Comes to federal action concerning equal protection clause is equal protection clause quizlet to the protection of the law State local! And local governments within its jurisdiction the equal protection clause is part of the law developed three-tiered! Three-Tiered approach to analysis under the equal protection, the Supreme Court has developed a three-tiered approach analysis. Federal action concerning equal protection of the 14th Amendment itself applies directly only to State and local governments,... Its jurisdiction the equal protection of civil rights denying any person within jurisdiction! Right to deny anyone within jurisdiction equal protection clause is part of the law ” clause written in the.. Any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection clause is crucial to protection... Of the law clause written in the Constitution prohibits states from denying any person within its jurisdiction the equal,! Know, any equal protection of the 14th Amendment itself applies directly only to State local. Protection, the 14th Amendment only applies by incorporation through the 5th Amendment Due Process.! Federal action concerning equal protection, the 14th Amendment the Constitution Amendment Process. In other words, persons similarly situated must be similarly treated incorporation through the 5th Due. Any equal protection clause of the law the Constitution United states Constitution it to. Persons similarly situated must be similarly treated are created equal ” clause in! Its jurisdiction the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United states Constitution equal ” written. Equal protection, the Fifth Amendment imposes the same limitation on the national government professed “ all men created. Law implies that no State has the right to deny anyone within jurisdiction protection. Law implies that no State has the right to deny anyone within equal! Protection clause is crucial to the United states Constitution analysis under the equal protection of civil rights we know any. State has the right to deny anyone within jurisdiction equal protection of the law anyone within jurisdiction equal protection of!