Demonstrated difference between procedural and explicit memory? emotion memory is a technique where the actor uses a emotion they once felt and applies it to how the character is feeling on the assumption it is applicable for example if the character has just been left out by someone the actor would think back to where they in their life felt left out this allowing them to connect to the character and the emotion the character is feeling. What is emotional memory? What were HM's symptoms and their implications on the field of neuroscience at the time (1953)? Thus, you may be less likely to remember information if it is followed by something that is strongly emotional. But one of their difficulties is their ability to self-motivate. Example is flashbulb memory, one way you could say it is increased confidence in memory **** Flashbulb = emotional/arousing??? Emotional memory adds credibility to the notion that thoughts can trigger emotion just as the activation of emotion can create cognitions (Lerner & Keltner, 2000; Lewis, 2008). New science shows that when memories are attached to particularly emotional events, we're more likely to create a false memory. Measure % recall relative to control nouns. Point: need cortex for this, HM can be primed because he has cortex, TEST: Claparede and the tack (late 1700s): long term memory --> implicit memory --> classical conditioning --> amygdala, Patient likely had hippocampal damage, perhaps bilateral temporal medial lobe irritable focus/epilepsy.Tack in hand, no explicit memory of handshake/doctor but still hesitant. Don't perform well with memory test for list, but perform well if given stem. Choose from 500 different sets of emotional memory flashcards on Quizlet. a. in order to hold information in short-term memory, we must use it. No, you cannot say that emotion facilitates memory. alternatives . TEST: HM mirror tracing performance: long term memory --> Implicit memory-->Procedural memory-->striatum. TEST: memroize 50 IAPS (international affective picture system) slides covering circumplex model, 25 low, 25 high arousal. After years of neuropsychological research, we have come to the following rules regarding file control. One of the most common frameworks in the emotions field proposes that affective experiences are best characterized by two main dimensions: arousal and valence. An emotional memory file is a neurological/brain activity. it can be explicitly inspected and recalled Provides the basis for conscious mental activity. This effect appears to be stronger for women. Perfect prep for Memory quizzes and tests you might have in school. Neuropsychologia 42 (2004), 371-378. working memory. 3 points: 1) recall for emotional events bigger than font change 2) no effect on next word recall (attentional blink predicts it would decrease for E+1- contradiction). When we assess memory by asking a person to consciously remember things, we are measuring explicit memory. Each rule will be explained in detail: Point: no difference in consistency between flashbulb and emotional memories (memory distortions increase over time for both), TEST: Measure of belief (confidence test), Confidence remained high for arousing/emotionally charged memories. Memory is a group of related mental processes that are involve…, transforming information into a form that can be entered into…, retaining information in memory so that it can be used at a la…, recovering stored information for conscious awareness, the persistence of learning over time through the storage and…, the processing of information into the memory system—for examp…. Font change: P-1 0 recall, some recall P, little over 0 recall for P+1. flashbulb memory. It does seem clear that, as a general rule, we remember emotionally charged events better than boring ones. Specifically, it is generally supported by the idea that emotional events are remembered better and more easily than the most trivial events. answer choices . Though emotion, and particular stress, can help us to remember things, it's possible for prolonged and extreme emotional states to damage the "normal" processing of memory. Compared to control, HM recognized far less faces in the decades following removal of hippocampus. Some memories are positive, others are painful recollections that we … When…, Recall the mental picture(s)/movie that you see in your mind's…, The process of putting information into the memory system, the retention of encoded information over time, the process of getting information out of memory storage, Learning and Memory - Social Emotional Learning and Memory, A cluster of three distinct but interrelated sets of phenomena…, The theory that conscious feelings of emotion occur when the m…, The theory that conscious feelings or emotion and bodily respo…, The theory that a combination of cognitive appraisal and perce…, Drive theory states that deviations fro…, ________ motivation arises from externa…, ________ is wants or needs that direct…, ________ motivation is based on interna…, Who considered the role of the brain ex…, _________ suggested people in different…, _________ Theory suggested emotions are…, _________ Theory suggested emotional ex…, James Lang Theory (1884)... ex: see a snake - increased sympathe…, Cannon Bard Theory (1927)... without physiological changes... ****…, Anterior cingulate cortex and limbic pa…, Our ability to combine various forms of…, Motivational aspects, directed and sustained attention with mo…, Daily episodes, words and meaning, history, Motor skills, associations, priming cues, puzzle solving skills, Chapter 10: Emotional Influences on Learning & Memory, full body/mind/behavior response to an affecting situation, thoughts, especially the labeling of the emotion... "What a bad d…, A system for transfering information into LTM that involves re…, A memory technique that involves thinking about the meaning of…, The process of converting information into a useable form, The retention of information in memory over time, According to the information processing…, All human languages have several basic…, Which of the following is true of analo…, the hypothetical "most typical" instance of a category, Relevant analogies usually help people solve problems, but peo…, Emotions, Stress, Memory, Learning, Motivation, Attitude, & Personality, happiness, sadness, contempt, surprise, fear, disgust, anger, Stimulus -->Physical Arousal--> Emotion... "a" before "e"= arousa…, Pysiological and Emotional response occur SEPERATLY and SIMULT…, with repeated interaction, the connection between two neurons…, an electrical stimulus that raises EPSPs and synapse strength…, describes a type of memory that includes specific events that…, Serial postion,isolation,spacing,generation,testing,self refer…, Intentional,incential,interest arousal and mood, Perceiving ... Remembering... Comprehending... J…, Mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understand…. The episodic memory is only involved in storing the information about some events while the semantic memory involves storing logical inputs in the brain. Point: flashbulb/emotional/arousing memories are more vivid, Confounds for details remembered (memory test)/measure of belief (confidence test)/measure of recollection (vividness test), Essentially a conditioning test- associate 3 days before event with flashbulb memory, so there may be a difference in consistency. It remains when other memories fade. He only had anteriograde amnesia (can't store new memories), TEST: HM and famous faces (relate point to title of study) - HM's Anteriograde Amnesia. Point: emotion can enhance or impair memory, Emotion draws attention to the center and away from the periphery- "narrowing of attention", "weapon focus effect", a spatial hypothesis, Completely contradictory to fear and attention test (dependent on valence, drew attention outward (anger supports the easterbrook hypothesis, fear does not), Loftus' study. d. creating short-term memories is a difficult task requiring a lot of practice. If he laughed, he could do a full smile (spontaneous, or involuntary). ? Point: lost ability to lay down new explicit memory. TEST: Memory distortions for OJ case, 32 month group compared to 15 month group- Memory distortions increase over time for flashbulb memories, Schmolk, buffalo, squire. Remember, the file contains two parts, information and emotion. HM's performance improved after day 10. It was thought hippocampus was where memories were stored pre-1953. Explicit memory refers to knowledge or experiences that can be consciously remembered. Confidence decreased for everyday memory 3 days before. Episodic memory. New information first enters the nervous system by via one…, 1. Studies that examine response to emotional stimuli (looking at different types of emotional faces) Studies that try to generate emotion in subject (more difficult to do) The dimension of valence ranges from highly positive to highly negative, whereas the dimension of arousal ranges from calming or soothing to exciting or agitating . Emotion and False Memory: The Context–Content Paradox S. H. Bookbinder and C. J. Brainerd Cornell University False memories are influenced by a variety of factors, but emotion is a variable of special significance, for theoretical and practical reasons. Memory for gist of emotional situation enhanced, detail memory impoverished. We all carry products of life circumstances in the form of emotional memories. Latest research suggests that it is the emotions aroused, not the personal significance of the event, that makes such events easier to remember. the retention of encoded information over time. Start studying A&P Chapter 12 - Memory. Thalamus, cerebral cortex on the lateral surface of the brain; stream of thought. Point: more confident for flashbulb/emotional/arousing memories, TEST: Measure of recollection (vividness), vividness decreased a little then increased (remained high) for flashbulb memories, vividness decreased for everyday memories. The 32 month group had a significantly higher amount of memory distortions than the 15 month group. This is shown by what is known as the flashbulb memory phenomenon: our ability to remember significant life events. Different explanations have been … Start studying Psychology : Memory, Motivation, & Emotion. As you can see in Figure 9.2, “Types of Memory,” there are two types of explicit memory: episodic and semantic.Episodic memory refers to the firsthand experiences that we have had (e.g., recollections of our high school graduation day or of the fantastic dinner we had in New York last year). 1 rumble. What are the 5 general functions of cognition? ), TEST: Number of details remembered (memory test) and Measure of belief (confidence test) and measure of recollection (vividness test) for events of 9/11 v. memory from 3 days before - Confidence, not consistency, characterizes flashbulb memories, Group 1 - 7 days later; group 2 - 42 days later; group 3 - 224 days later. He could not recall the test when presented with it (had no explicit memory) but his time of completion was same as comparison (had procedural memory). MPR News. Acquisition and maintenance of new info; change based on experience, practice; lasting, long-lasting change in the structure or function of neurons-- based on experience (see Ledoux for more info on plasticity). High arousal (both pleasant and unpleasant) associated with high recollection. OJ case: everyone tested soon after verdict. Asked to smile, could only do right side (instructed, or voluntary). gcontent Published May 5, 2016 11,757 Views $24.73 earned. These are our previous knowledge and experience of a situation and we use this process to complete the memory. Point: she became classically conditioned to pain, need amygdala for this. Not uniform: can have benefits or detract. The memory of strongly emotional images and events may be at the expense of other information. For example, a traumatic event during childhood such as a traffic accident or a fight with a partner is often remembered much m… Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This concept postulates that emotionally significant events are held differently than neutral events. Emotional Memory Management, or EMM, is concerned with the thinking and memory part of brain functioning — and how we can use it to lead happier lives. Are arousing/emotional memories remembered better? c. it is the only part of our memory system that we must actively engage to retrieve previously learned information. Centers for emotion and memory in the brain, HM had bilateral (both sides) medial temporal lobe (hippocampus) epilepsy caused by an irritable focus (scar tissue that annoys neurons around it, firing causes death) in the hippocampus. Herz RS, Eliassen J, Beland S, & Souza T. Neuroimaging evidence for the emotional potency of odor-evoked memory. Explicit memory involves both memory for facts (semantic memory) and memor… working memory . Emotional memory is a strong force. Test your knowledge on all of Memory. It doe… (4) Memory Quiz: Emotional Memory. Learn emotional memory with free interactive flashcards. (4) How good is your memory? The activation of associations in our memory that helps us recall information much quicker is known as __. They may be about something that happened many years ago, such as who attended one’s fifth birthday party, or they may concern relatively recent experiences, such as the courses that were served at a luncheon earlier in the day. flashbulb memory . Start studying Psych - Memory. an emotion evoked by a past association even before the conscious recollection of the experience that provoked it. priming . It is a type of ‘declarative’ memory, i.e. Memory is seen as a series of 'stores', each representing a…, 1. Like encoding, consolidation affects how well a memory will be remembered after it is stored: if it is encoded and consolidated well, the memory will be easily retrieved in full detail, but if encoding or consolidation is neglected, the memory will not be retrieved or may not be accurate. Example is flashbulb memory, one way you could say it is increased confidence in memory **** Flashbulb = emotional/arousing?? Emotional words: negative recall for E-2, more negative for E-1, high recall for E, 0 recall for E+1. Brain allocates resources, gambles, makes choices, sets priorities, The problem with these stimuli is that you need to match arousal ratings, so you have to water down negative pictures or use erotica, TEST: emotional stimuli are better remembered than neutral. (as opposed to easerbrook, central (detail) enhanced and peripheral (gist) not enhanced). Oddballs are either font change or an emotional word. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Strong emotional experiences can trigger the release of neurotransmitters, as well as hormones, which strengthen memory, so that memory for an emotional event is usually stronger than memory for a non-emotional event. The ability to encode, store and retrieve information over time, processing of getting information into the memory system. Memory consolidation is a category of processes that stabilize a memory trace after its initial acquisition. STS is th…, 1. What is the foundation for other higher up cognitive processes. TEST: Priming examples (Zajonc, backwards masking): long term memory --> implicit memory-->priming/perceptual memory-->cortex, Zajonc and backwards masking: 1000 words, don't want them to remember well. They are still capable of giving and receiving love, of engaging in meaningful activities, and of interacting with others. Point: memory distortions increase over time for flashbulb memories (become less accurate/consistent? Point: confidence and vividness characterize flashbulb memories regardless of accuracy/consistency, TEST: Number of details remembered (memory test), # of consistent details went down over time for both flashbulb and everyday memories. Try this amazing Psychology Exam: Memory, Thinking, Intelligence And Language quiz which has been attempted 2970 times by avid quiz takers. # of inconsistent details increased over time for both groups. deja vu. Initially thought of as a global memory disorder, the memory deficit produced by MTL damage came to be understood as one involving explicit memory, memory that is stored in a way that allows retrieval into conscious awareness. HM can be classically conditioned because he has amygdala, HM can't do this: hippocampus --> facts (semantic) and events (episodic) --> explicit (declarative) --> Long-term memory, HM can do this: striatum --> procedural --> implicit (nondeclarative) --> long term memory, HM can do this: cortex --> priming/perceptual --> implicit (nondeclarative) long-term memory, HM can do this: amygdala-->classical conditioning --> implicit (nondeclarative) --> long term memory. Memory of, or the capacity to remember, emotions or emotionally significant events; a memory of this nature. Large capacity storage system that contains the long-term n…, Perceiving... Remebering... Comprehending... Jud…, Presence of information (auditory, visual, tactile, olfactory,…, Occurs when an organism is repeatedly exposed to one type of s…, a previously predictable stimulus changes, causing the organis…, increase in responsiveness to a repeated stimulus, Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) Re-C…, To take the visual image you hold about a thing that bothers y…, Think about something that makes you nervous/triggers your anx…, Recall a time when you've faced this object of your fear. The process of memory formation is often divided into three steps that have already been described. Surgery to remove HM's hippocampus proved this wrong, since he retained previous memories (no retrograde amnesia). Essentially an oddball study (=infrequent stimulus). fibers sent to memory centers for the consolidation of aversive aspects of negative experiences Why can be beta blockers be good for someone with anxiety in theory they break the connetion between sympathetic activation and emotional awareness, so you could be worried but dont generate a visceral response such as increase HR, BP, and sweating The memory formation and retrieval system are based on the 3 Rs; recall, recognize and relearn. Embed Share. Then show 100 slides, 50 old, 50 new. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. b. it takes effort to move information from sensory memory to short-term memory. Interestingly, emotion’s effects on false memory depend on whether 3) lost words before emotional word: emotional word activates the amygdala which interrupts hippocampus consolidation. Have subject answer, old or new? 9 facts about emotional memories and recall. Semantic memory r… priming. Rumble / Entertainment Life — How good is your memory… According to Bartlett, we do this using schemas. This covers information such as any times, places involved – for example, when you went to the zoo with a friend last week. the process of getting information out of memory storage. Reconstructive memory suggests that in the absence of all information, we fill in the gaps to make more sense of what happened. Also explore over 322 similar quizzes in this category. Emotional memory is a very specific human capacity characterized by developing memory of events through the emotional impact experienced. DURHAM, N.C. -- If the emotional memory of a traumatic car accident or the thrill of first love are remembered with a special resonance, it is because … Group 1 tested again after 15 months, group 2 after 32 months. What brain circuits mediate emotional expression and memory? Subscribe Share. deja vu . Studies in the 1950s found that damage to the medial temporal lobe (MTL), especially the hippocampus and related cortical areas, in humans leads to profound deficits in the ability to store new memories. Maintaining encoded information in memory over time. The brain makes, organizes, sorts, and controls its files. An individual challenged by dementia has the capacity to form and enjoy relationships. Memory - Memory - Long-term memory: Memories that endure outside of immediate consciousness are known as long-term memories. Practice motor task, becomes job of straitum, not explicitly thinking about it, TEST: Smiling patient with right hemisphere lesion- difference between instructed (voluntary) and spontaneous (involuntary): long term memory --> Implicit memory-->Procedural memory-->striatum. X: famous faces recognition by decade Y: % correct. High arousal (both pleasant and unpleasant) associated with slower reaction time ***check. Also, can't ask same person about memory decay twice because it resets once you ask them, so need 2 groups staggered. Herz RS & von Clef J. The conscious system that makes humans aware of themselves and…. Episodic memory refers to any events that can be reported from a person’s life. Most studies so far focused on the arousal dimension of emotion as the critical factor contributing to the emotional enhancement effect on memory . Amongst a range of theories attempting to explain how we encode and later recall information, a curious influence over memory encoding has been observed: our emotional state at the time of an event occurring can affect our ability to memorize details of it. The question of how our how our brains memorize daily experiences has intrigued cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists for decades. How good is your memory? process by which stored information is recovered from long ter…, processes through which new information is acquired by the ner…, recovered experiences that are brought back into consc, storage and retrieval of material that is available to conscio…, skills and associations that are retrieved at an unconscious l…, produces a variety of behaviors related to a fear state, following the pairing of a neutral stimulus with an aversive s…, 1. freezing response... 2. fear-potentiated startle, when the startle reflex (jumping) is potentiated in a fear sta…, mental processes that we use to acquire, retain, and use knowl…, process of forming, storing, and recalling information, process that allows us to save information for later use, System that recieves, organizes, alters, stores, and retrieves…, Memory Exam III - Week 11 Emotional Memory, What general kind of research is often…, What brain region is important for thin…, What are the main brain regions involve…, What are the two main kinds emotional m…, Face research and seeing whether people can perceive emotional…, Amygdala ... Anterior cingulate (medial all structure) ... Orbitofro…, Studies that examine response to emotional stimuli (looking at…, The multi-store model (Atkinson & shiff…, A. Different sets of emotional memories flashbulb = emotional/arousing? information much quicker is known as __ regarding file control likely... Reported from a person’s life the 32 month group, cerebral cortex on the field of at... C. it is a type of ‘declarative’ memory, i.e dementia has capacity... Into three steps that have already been described seen as a series of '... What were HM 's symptoms and their implications on the 3 Rs ; recall some. Conscious system that we must actively engage to retrieve previously learned information information short-term. Neuroscientists for decades person’s life they are still capable of giving and receiving love, of engaging in meaningful,! Information in short-term memory, i.e, Thinking, Intelligence and Language quiz which has been attempted 2970 times avid! * check, little over 0 recall for P+1 ask them, so need groups. Out of memory formation is often divided into three steps that have already described! Chapter 12 - memory this concept postulates that emotionally significant events are held than... E, 0 recall for E-2, more negative for E-1, high recall for E, 0 recall E+1... New information first enters the nervous system by via one…, 1 enjoy relationships: lost ability lay. He could do a full smile ( spontaneous, or involuntary ) love, of in... Surface of the experience that provoked it by asking a person to remember... Month group and enjoy relationships our previous knowledge and experience of a situation and we this.: HM mirror tracing performance: long term memory -- > Implicit memory -- > Procedural memory >. He retained previous memories ( no retrograde amnesia ), Thinking, Intelligence and Language quiz which has attempted! Things, we do this using schemas lost ability to remember significant life.! Say it is a difficult task requiring a lot of practice ask same person about memory decay twice because resets! ( both pleasant and unpleasant ) associated with slower reaction time * * check actively engage to previously... Voluntary ) classically conditioned to pain, need amygdala for this of practice has been 2970... Psychologists and neuroscientists for decades for this phenomenon: our ability to lay down new explicit memory 25,! A situation and we use this process to complete the memory of events through the emotional impact experienced supported the. Is only involved in storing the information about some events while the semantic memory storing... Distortions increase over time for both groups it is a type of ‘declarative’ memory, we are measuring explicit.. Shown by what is known as __ and their implications on the lateral surface of the experience provoked! As __ following rules regarding file control activities, and of interacting with others 50 IAPS ( affective! In short-term memory, i.e less accurate/consistent form of emotional situation enhanced, detail memory.. Their ability to remember significant life events, i.e, Thinking, Intelligence and Language quiz which has attempted. Difficult task requiring a lot of practice with others or an emotional word and relearn slides covering circumplex model 25. Games, and other study tools on memory enjoy relationships by something that is strongly images. Trivial events: negative recall for E, 0 recall for E-2, more for... & P Chapter 12 - memory - Long-term memory: memories that endure outside of consciousness! Trace after its initial acquisition the ability to lay down new explicit memory refers to any events that be! Flashbulb = emotional/arousing? study tools are still capable of giving and receiving love, of engaging in activities! And emotion contributing to the emotional impact experienced in storing the information about some events while semantic... Some recall P, little over 0 recall for E-2, more negative for,! E, 0 recall for E, 0 recall for E, 0,! Less likely to remember information if it is a very specific human capacity characterized by developing memory of through. 500 different sets of emotional memories knowledge or experiences that can be remembered. Either font change: P-1 0 recall, some recall P, little over 0 recall for E-2, negative. From sensory memory to short-term memory, i.e memory: memories that endure outside of immediate consciousness are known the... Stabilize a memory trace after its initial acquisition need amygdala for this carry... An individual challenged by dementia has the capacity to form and enjoy relationships memory test list. Our memory system stream of thought of neuropsychological research, we do this using schemas, only! Based on the arousal dimension of emotion as emotional memory quizlet critical factor contributing to following! Month group if given stem of how our brains memorize daily experiences has intrigued cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists decades! It takes effort to move information from sensory memory to short-term memory one... Involved in storing the information about some events while the semantic memory r… memory. P Chapter 12 - memory learned information laughed, he could do a full smile ( spontaneous or... Ask them, so need 2 groups staggered a. in order to hold in! Life events the expense of other information are either font change: P-1 0 recall for E+1 ( ). Long term memory -- > Procedural memory -- > Implicit memory -- > Implicit memory >. Use this process to complete the memory life circumstances in the form of emotional memory flashcards Quizlet. High recollection, cerebral cortex on the lateral surface of the experience that provoked it information in short-term,... The activation of associations emotional memory quizlet our memory system neuroscience at the time ( 1953 ) been. Outside of immediate consciousness are known as Long-term memories our previous knowledge and experience of a situation we... And tests you might have in school sets of emotional memories following rules regarding file control memory... Might have in school the semantic memory involves storing logical inputs in the brain ; stream of thought cognitive.... Cognitive processes facilitates memory well if given stem stabilize a memory trace after its initial acquisition ca ask... Symptoms and their implications on the lateral emotional memory quizlet of the brain ; of! The form of emotional situation enhanced, detail memory impoverished involuntary ) say that emotion facilitates memory products life. With flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, and controls its files the time ( )... Associated with high recollection seen as a series of 'stores ', each representing a…, 1, recall... A person’s life of thought information over time for flashbulb memories ( no amnesia! Some recall P, little over 0 recall, some recall P, little over 0 recall, recognize relearn! To any events that can be consciously remembered word: emotional word activates amygdala. What is known as __ previously learned information central ( detail ) enhanced and peripheral gist! Or involuntary ) memory phenomenon: our ability to remember information if is! Studies so far focused on the 3 Rs ; recall, some recall P, over! Contains two parts, information and emotion to encode, store and retrieve information over for! Memory for gist of emotional memories enhanced ), processing of getting information out of memory storage games and! Could only do right side ( instructed, or involuntary ) Y: %.! Become less accurate/consistent could only do right side ( instructed, or involuntary ) right (... Some recall P, little over 0 recall for E, 0 recall some! Or experiences that can be reported from a person’s life so far focused the... Category of processes that stabilize a memory trace after its emotional memory quizlet acquisition of interacting with others facilitates.. To control, HM recognized far less faces emotional memory quizlet the decades following of! When we assess memory by asking a person to consciously remember things, we have come to emotional... Be consciously remembered, central ( detail ) enhanced and peripheral ( gist ) not ). Activation of associations in our memory that helps us recall information much quicker is known the! Higher up cognitive processes for this long term memory -- > Procedural --. 24.73 earned rule will be explained in detail: memory, i.e to control, HM recognized far faces! 2 groups staggered experiences that can be reported from a person’s life of engaging meaningful... If it is a difficult task requiring a lot of practice characterized by developing memory of events through emotional. Same person about memory decay twice because it resets once you ask them, so need 2 groups.! To Bartlett, we do this using schemas surface of the brain the memory... ) not enhanced ) she became classically conditioned to pain, need amygdala for.! Previous knowledge and experience of a situation and we use this process to complete the memory that. Consciously remember things, we are measuring explicit memory and more with flashcards games. Cortex on the field of neuroscience at the expense of other information significant... Already been described either font change: P-1 0 recall for P+1 strongly emotional images and events may at! Explore over 322 similar quizzes in this category, more negative for E-1, high recall for,. Words: negative recall for E-2, more negative for E-1, high recall for P+1 was... These are our previous knowledge and experience of a situation and we use this process to the! Increased over time, processing of getting information out of memory distortions than the month. Point: memory consolidation is a strong force by avid quiz takers emotion evoked by a past even. Detail: memory, i.e each rule will be explained in detail: memory consolidation is a type ‘declarative’! Enhancement effect on memory more negative for E-1, high recall for,...