Indian themes and Indian scenes and landscapes, thus, came in vogue and helped to free the school from Persian influence. The institutions of education of females were, however, absent. What evidence of cultural blending can you find in Akbar's rule? Even … Gulbadan Begam, Salim Sultana, Zeb-un-Nisa and Zinat-un-Nisa excelled themselves in the literary field where Nur Jahan and Jahanara played an important part in politics. Products of these four aspects of cultural blending can be military, art, and religion related. Bernier saw a big hall at Banaras University, which was full of books on philosophy, medicine, religion and history etc. After the good days of Akbar, a new ruler, Shah Jahan, led the people into suffering. The Mughal princesses Salima Sultana and Zib-un-Nisa had built their own libraries. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Features and Developments of Architecture during Mughal Period, Cultural Life during the Sultanate Period, Life during the Sultanate Period | Indian History, Classification of Society in Sultanate Period | Indian History, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Jahan Ara daughter of Shah Jahan and Jebunnisa, daughters of Aurangzeb were also poetesses. Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar (Persian: ... Timurid and Perso-Islamic culture began to merge and blend with indigenous Indian elements, and a distinct Indo-Persian culture emerged characterized by Mughal style arts, painting, and architecture. Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. Fortunately for the dynasty, Akbar was aided during his regency by a capable chief minister, Bairam Khan. He constructed a Madarsa at Delhi and converted the pleasure-house built by Sher Shah in Qila Kohana also called Purana Qila into a library. All the Mughal emperors were great patrons of learning and gave their full encouragement to the spread of education in their dominions. B. Pursuits of religious converts, trade and … Poems in Persian were also written during this period though this type of work could not achieve the standard of prose-writing. Asserting the importance of Marathi, Eknath exclaims: “If Sanskrit was made by God, was Prakrit born of thieves and knaves? This is significant in understanding the Mughals because it represents the temporary inclusion during Akbar's reign, achieved through both tolerant policies and extreme violence, that produced diverging opinions and groups within the empire and lasting and diverse monuments symbolizing cultural blending. Some examples of Akbar's policy of fair rule is that he ended the tax that Hindu pilgrims and all non-Muslims had to pay. Historical works were written under the patronage of the later Mughals as well as provincial ruler. 2. Tags: Question 21 . Jahangir and Shah Jahan as well as many Mughal nobles followed this example. The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal dynasties established control over Turkey, Iran, and India respectively, in large part due to a Chinese invention: gunpowder. 4. Examples of Cultural Blending in the Safavid Empire Military Two armies were created by Shah Abbas. Mughal Empire: Babur (1494-1530) 11 yrs old, inherited kingdom that is now Uzbekistan and Tajikistan Elders took it away & drove him S. 1526: Raised army & conquered the Turkish Muslims in Delhi, India . Cultural blending was everywhere: Abbas welcomed artists, poets, & scholars at court . Akbar's courts at Delhi, Agra, and Fatehpur Sikri became centres of the arts, letters, and learning. Lively intercourse pervaded all sectors of existence, social, political, intellectual and cultural. Many texts written in Arabic, Turki and Greek were also translated into Persian during the rule of the Mughal emperors. Thus, the Persian and the … He frankly declared and desired to pursue the policy of extension of the empire. Akbar practices cultural blending. 2. Akbar practices cultural blending. These schools were maintained by grants or endowments and no fee was charged from the pupils. In what ways did Akbar defend religious freedom during his reign? Jaunpur as a great centre of learning was known as the ‘Shiraz of India’, where students came from far and wide. How did Akbar's successors contribute to the end of the Mughal Empire? These were Banaras, Nadia, Mithila, Mathura, Tirhut, Paithan, Karhad, Thatte, Sirhind and Multan. He also wrote poems both in Turki and Persian and his collection of poems Diwan (Turki) became quite famous. Mungolg. 2. Even the Harmandir of the Sikhs, called the Golden Temple at Amritsar which was rebuilt several times during the period was built on the arch and dome principle incorporated many features of the Mughal traditions of architecture. Effect: Three different languages are spoken in this empire Persian, Hindu, and Urdu 6. This country is such a hit on the list of vacation seekers because, here the traditional and contemporary go hand in hand. The centers of higher learning or universities were scattered all over the country, largely near the places of pilgrimage. Migration, Religious freedom, trade, conquest. Why were the Ottomans so successful in building an empire? Besides, he had sufficient knowledge of philosophy, mathematics and astronomy. Besides original work, books in other languages were translated into Persian. Culture: Religion. The subjects of study in all these Hindu centers of study were grammar, logic, philosophy, history, poetry, astronomy, astrology, medicine including veterinary science and mathematics also including study of physics and chemistry. Bernier states, “Banaras is kind of university; but it has no college or regular classes as in our universities, but resembles rather the school of the ancients, the masters being spread over different parts of the town in private houses”. He was an able administrator, leader and winner. Akbar took a close personal interest in the work of construction both at Agra and Fatehpur Sikri. Akbar governs through a bureaucracy of officials in which natives and foreign- ers, both Hindus and Muslims, can rise to high office. The Mughal Empire was at its most opulent and powerful during his reign. The Gujarat style of architecture is used most widely in the palace built probably for his Rajput wife or wives. Mughal, Safavid, Ottomans Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. After the eighth century, the tradition seems to have decayed, but palm-leaf manuscripts and illustrated Jain texts from the thirteenth century onwards show that the tradition had not died. Largest numbers of good books written in Persian were either autobiographies or books on history. One of the things that made Akbar such an unusual Renaissance ruler was his willingness to alter the ontology of his own class – blending his bloodline, administration, and religion into something new. He felt it necessary even for the security of his territories. Pleading for a modified caste system based not on birth but on individual qualities, Tulsi was essentially a humanistic poet who upheld family ideals and complete devotion to Rama as a way of salvation open to all, irrespective of caste. 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