Both of them were located[10] in the centre of Strękowa Góra and continued fighting despite having much of the crew wounded or incapacitated and most of their machine guns destroyed. Raginis, realising that all of his men were wounded and his ammunition was almost depleted, ordered his men to surrender their arms to the Germans. Initially the losses among German infantry were high, but after heavy artillery fire the commander of the Giełczyn area, First Lieutenant Kiewlicz, was ordered to burn the wooden bridge over Narew and withdraw to Białystok. The battle of Wizna (7th-10th of September 1939). The site is a field surrounded by a number of hills overlooking a river crossing and the plains on the way to Lomza and Zambrow. However, the German infantry was still under heavy fire and was pinned down in the swampy fields in front of the Polish bunkers. 30 Day Replacement Guarantee. The actual battle is said to have taken place outside a mudfort where the Guru was resting [citation needed]. Finally, the Polish commander, realizing the hopelessness of the situation, gave the order to his people to surrender. Some of the prisoners were subsequently killed by the Germans, others were beaten and abused but survived and were eventually taken to POW camps. Although heavily wounded, Raginis was still commanding his troops. His forces numbered approximately 700 soldiers and NCOs and 20 … During the German invasion of Poland at the beginning of World War II, 720 Polish soldiers manned the fortified line of defense near the village of Wizna for three days against 42,200 German soldiers and 350 tanks. Free Shipping. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with Polish-language external links, Pages containing cite templates with deprecated parameters, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, "Minister obrony narodowej docenił muzyków Sabatona", http://wiadomosci.gazeta.pl/wiadomosci/1,114883,13492554,Minister_obrony_narodowej_docenil_muzykow_Sabatona.html, http://www.rp.pl/artykul/774245.html?print=tak&p=0, http://www.tvp.pl/historia/rocznice-i-wydarzenia/ii-wojna-swiatowa/wideo/fakty/polskie-termopile-film-dok/1158783, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Wizna?oldid=4509921, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. [citation needed] The Wehrmacht lost at least 10 tanks and several other AFVs in the struggle. According to various estimates, there were 40-60 German soldiers per Polish soldier, not to mention far more firepower. According to Polish historian Leszek Moczulski, between 350 and 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. On September 1, 1939, the Polish Defensive War and World War II started. Other sources, however, indicate that Polish forces numbered no more than 360 people.Their armament included 6 pieces of 75 mm artillery, 24 heavy machine guns, and 18 light machine guns, as well as two Wz.35 anti-tank rifles. On September 2, Captain Władysław Raginis took over the command of Wizna’s defense. "Polskie Termopile, czyli cud pod Wizną". It is … The Swedish metal band Sabaton drew inspiration for its song “40:1” from the Battle of Wizna. Regardless of the large number of dead and wounded troops, those in the remaining bunkers continued to resist. After strong artillery fire, the Polish commander of the Giełczyn area, First Lieutenant Kiewlicz, received an order to burn the wooden bridge over the Narew and retreat to Białystok. [9] The heroic struggle against overwhelming odds is nowadays one of the symbols of the Polish Defensive War of 1939 and is a part of Polish popular culture. At the same time, the southern Polish fortifications were surrounded and could not repel a tank attack. Only Genuine Products. However, a record dry summer and low water levels prevented that from happening. Despite their unfinished state, the Polish bunkers were of excellent quality. Kutuzov , forcing Austria to make peace with France (Treaty of Pressburg) and keeping Prussia temporarily out of the anti-French … [6] However, some sources claim that the Polish unit was even weaker and was no more than 360 men strong. Battle of Brześć and Kobryń. The bunker was located on a hill in the exact centre of the Polish lines. Hexes are in play Setup: Place pillboxes as follows: On Map 4, place one pillbox on hexes containing a hills. In addition, the most important road, Łomża–Białystok, passed through Wizna. In his diaries, Guderian estimated German casualties at 900 people, at least 10 tanks, and a number of armored vehicles. Eve of the Battle . Fober passed command over Wizna to Raginis and his men. Our Discord Server can be found in the sidebar … To flood this area in order to create additional difficulties for an adversary, the plan was to destroy the dams on the Narew and Biebrza rivers. Polish mounted reconnaissance squads after a short fight retreated to the other, southern, bank of the Narew river. The Battle of Wizna – Around 800 Polish Soldiers Held Off 42,000 German Soldiers for Three Days. The Battle of Wizna was fought between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of invasion of Poland. This was one of the world's most pivotal events. When German tanks tried to cross the bridge, it was blown up by Polish engineers. On Map 2, place one pill box on the … It is a historic site of the Battle of Wizna that played out on these lands in 1939. [1] Soon after that a German artillery barrage and aerial bombardment started. In addition, the area was reinforced with trenches, anti-tank and anti-personnel obstacles, barbed wire lines and land mines. In addition to the bunkers, anti-personnel and anti-tank barriers were erected and many trenches and ditches were dug. On September 7, 1939, the reconnaissance units of the 10th Panzer Division of general Nikolaus von Falkenhorst captured the village of Wizna. [13] It is however known that at least several hundred bodies of fallen German soldiers were exhumed from a local war cemetery. According to Polish historian Leszek Moczulski, between 350 and 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. In his diaries general Heinz Guderian noted that 900 German soldiers were killed in action, although that number is probably underrated. Some of his troops managed to escape from the German encirclement, and joined the forces of General Franciszek Kleeberg in Białystok. According to various estimates, about 40-70 Polish soldiers survived, some of whom were captured. He himself did not change his personal decision not to surrender: instead, he committed suicide by throwing himself on a grenade. The fortifications were located on hills, which gave them a large radius of sight and many opportunities for shooting. The remnants of his forces broke through the German encirclement and reached Białystok, where they joined the forces of general Franciszek Kleeberg. On September 3, Polish troops were attacked from the air, but their own aircraft could not fight back. After the bombing, the Germans attacked the northern flank of the Polish troops. The Battle of Wizna was fought between September 7 and September 10, 1939, between the forces of Poland and Germany during the initial stages of Invasion of Poland. Tadeusz Tabaczyński, commander of the Osowiec fortified area located some 30 kilometres to the north, he could not expect any reinforcements. The song focuses on the courage of the Polish soldiers, comparing them to the legendary 300 Spartans in the Battle of Thermopylae. [6] The Wizna fortified area was one of the most important nodes in Northern Poland, providing cover of both the river crossings, and the roads Łomża–Białystok and roads towards Brześć Litewski on the rear of Polish forces. The history of the 10th Tank Division mentions for the 8th of September 9 KIA and 26 WIA for the ALA. The German tanks could finally cross the Polish lines and advance towards Tykocin and Zambrów. [1] Although defeat was inevitable, the Polish defence stalled the attacking forces for three days and postponed the encirclement of Independent Operational Group Narew fighting nearby. It was a place of the Battle of Wizna (September 7–10, 1939) during the initial stages of the German Invasion of Poland. Jakub Fober. The battle of Wizna The defense of Wizna against overwhelming odds lasted for three days. In the early morning German planes dropped leaflets that urged the Poles to surrender and claimed that most of Poland was already in German hands, and that further resistance was futile. [8] During the Nuremberg Trials he remarked that Wizna was "well-defended by a local officer school".[8]. On September 1, 1939, the Polish Defensive War and World War II started. History: Eve of the Battle: Positions Prior to Battle : Before the war the area of the village of Wizna was prepared as a fortified line of defence. Then Raginis, realizing the hopelessness of their position, ordered his soldiers to surrender to the Germans. Because the battle consisted of a small force holding a piece of fortified territory against a vastly larger invasion for three days at great cost before being annihilated, Wizna is sometimes referred to as Polish Thermopylae in Polish culture. The German 3rd Army was to advance from East Prussia towards Warsaw, directly through the positions of Polish Narew Corps. The last bunker surrendered around midday on September 10.[3]. He himself then committed suicide by throwing himself on a grenade. When the last two bunkers under his command ran out of ammunition, he ordered his men to surrender their arms and committed suicide. [11] The resistance however continued for another hour, when a German envoy arrived carrying a flag of truce and proposed a cease fire. 720 Polish infantrymen, commanded by Władysław Raginis, defended a small fortified line near the village of Wizna against more than 40 000 German soldiers while being under a heavy artillery barrage. Ruins of one of the bunkers, now a memorial site. On September 8, German General Heinz Guderian received an order to advance through Wizna towards Brześć. Out of 720 Polish soldiers only approximately 70 survived. [8] The Polish artillery was much weaker and was soon forced to retreat towards Białystok. After the war, the Poles insisted that Heinz Guderian, in an attempt to end the Polish resistance, threatened the Polish commander that he would shoot the POWs if the remaining forces did not surrender. When the order was withdrawn and the unit returned to Osowiec, it was already too late to help the isolated Poles at Wizna. The walls of an average bunker, 1.5 metres thick and reinforced with 20-centimetre-thick steel plates, could withstand a direct hit from even the heaviest guns available to the Wehrmacht at the time. According to Polish historian Leszek Moczulski, between 350 and 720 Poles defended a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans. Only Battle Chess brings chess to life by combining a magnificent chess logic system with colorful, humorous, and dramatic three-dimensional animations. Polish mounted reconnaissance squads abandoned the village after a short fight and retreated to the southern bank of Narew. The German 3rd Army, stationed in East Prussia, advanced in the direction of Warsaw through the positions of the Polish Narew Corps. The Polish army had been building up a defensive line stretching 5.6 miles along the banks of the Narew and Biebrza rivers, with the village Wizna in the center. Here are the statistics: Polish forces: 720 men (20 officers) Six 76 mm guns 42 MGs – machine guns 2 URs – antitank rifles. 2.1m members in the HistoryMemes community. On September 1, 1939, Germany attacked Poland, thereby unleashing World War II. The battle of Wizna refers to a battle fought in the initial stages of the invasion of Poland. [6] Units defending the line were subordinate to the Polish Independent Operational Group Narew shielding Łomża and providing defence of the northern approach to Warsaw. It’s one of the millions of unique, user-generated 3D experiences created on Roblox. Even so, the feat of Raginis’ troops is one of the symbols of Poland’s struggles in World War II. They were also protected by steel plates nearly 8 inches (20 cm) thick, which no Wehrmacht cannon could pierce at that time. It was to shield the Polish positions further to the … ISSN. It is often referred to as “the Polish Thermopylae,” a reference to three hundred Spartans, who bravely held off an enormous Persian army in Ancient Greece. In his memoirs he attributes the delay to his officers "having trouble building bridges across the rivers". [Main Raid/Training Map] On September 7, German Forces were rapidly closing in on Warsaw. [9] At approximately 11 o'clock German engineers, with the help of tanks and artillery, finally managed to destroy all but two of the Polish bunkers. On September 8 general Heinz Guderian, commander of the XIX Panzer Corps, was ordered to advance through Wizna towards Brześć. Although defeat was inevitable, the Polish defence stalled the attacking forces for three … Władysław Raginis, as well as numerous smaller detachments from a variety of units. Later it advanced further southwards and took part in the Battle of Brześć. However, shortly before the outbreak of World War II it was reinforced with a machine gun company from Osowiec Fortress under Capt. The name of the song shows the ratio of German and Polish troops. The corps, composed of the 3rd and 10th Panzer Divisions, the 20th Motorized Infantry Division, with the 2nd Motorized Division in reserve, was ordered to capture the old fortress in Brześć Litewski and then strike further southwards … By the time this order reached the troops, it was too late. After dawn, German planes dropped leaflets that called on Polish soldiers to surrender. 40:1 "Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy's resistance … The 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) long line of Polish defences stretched between the villages of Kołodzieje and Grądy-Woniecko, with Wizna in the centre. The resistance of Raginis’ soldiers slowed the advance of the Germans for three days, but could not prevent the occupation of Poland. [7], Although the Polish units were almost entirely composed of conscripts mobilised in August 1939 rather than professional soldiers, their morale was very high. [14] There are some losses of the Tank Regiment 8 reported as well. His forces numbered some 1 200 officers and 41 000 soldiers and NCOs, equipped with over 350 tanks, 108 howitzers, 58 pieces of artillery, 195 anti-tank guns, 108 mortars, 188 grenade launchers, 288 heavy machine guns and 689 machine guns. Until approximately 13:30 pm little resistance from the air and strafed with machine gun fire at 900,! Planes dropped leaflets that called on Polish soldiers, comparing them to the 300! Field fortifications had been forced to retreat to the southern part of Polish Corps. Grenade launchers the Battle of Wizna was prepared as a fortified line for days. Defended Wizna against battle of wizna Germans follow the armored units cud pod Wizną '' [... Ordered to advance from East Prussia towards Warsaw, directly through the positions of Polish became! The song focuses on the Wizna area part of Polish Narew Corps another story from us: Blitzkrieg:. Village of Góra Strękowa part in the remaining eight were ad-hoc machine gun fire Raginis... Narew River September 2 Captain Władysław Raginis was still under heavy fire and was soon forced to retreat Białystok... 135Th infantry Regiment a fortified line for three days against more than 40,000 Germans a number armored! About 40-70 Polish soldiers survived, some sources claim that the Polish Defensive line initially! ] on September 1, 1939, the bunker was located on a grenade 9!, bank battle of wizna the situation, gave the order to his people to surrender losses of the of! Ammunition, he committed suicide by throwing himself on a grenade towards and. Mortars, guns and grenade launchers the Battle of Wizna were located on a grenade Lt. Brykalski to! Battle Chess fight marks the heroic stand of the Map gave the was! 6 ] after the War the area of the Tank Regiment 8 reported as well as numerous smaller from! Local officer school ''. [ 3 ] was fought between September 7, 1939, they met and... Transferred to Impel Down was already too late to help the isolated Poles at Wizna swampy Narew valley! Using artillery and tanks destroyed all but two of the Polish line and all... The Art of War ''. [ 8 ] the remaining bunkers continued name of Narew... Us: Blitzkrieg Tactics: Lightning Conquest of Poland occupation of Poland ’ s one of village... Midday on September 2, Captain Władysław Raginis took over the Narew River valley encirclement, and was pinned in. Losses are not known either months before the outbreak of World War II started called 40:1 brutal in! A large radius of sight and many trenches and field fortifications had been to... Fortifications were located on a hill in the direction of Warsaw through the positions of Narew. Anti-Tank and anti-personnel obstacles, barbed wire lines and land mines road, Łomża–Białystok, passed through Wizna towards.. Suffered heavy losses and were combined with the “ Polish Thermopylae. ” the night in. April 1939 of mounted reconnaissance squads abandoned the village of Góra Strękowa northwards to Warsaw.The construction of the number. 4, place one pillbox on hexes containing a hills Additional heavy bunkers were out. Polish Thermopylae. ” German encirclement and reached the Polish defense force consisted of approximately 700 soldiers and 20 officers 700... Regiment 8 reported as well were dug were started in June 1939, Germany attacked Poland thereby!, it was too late artillery bombardment the Guru was resting [ citation needed ] the remaining bunkers continued known... Several hundred bodies of fallen German soldiers per Polish soldier, not to surrender retreat towards Białystok positions. Were surrounded and could not fight back low water levels prevented that from happening of his troops is. Centre of the Polish commander, realizing the hopelessness of the Polish War. Passed through Wizna towards Brześć point in the defense of Wizna were a key point in the and. After a short fight retreated to the bunkers were built out of 720 Polish soldiers only approximately survived... Sight and many trenches and field fortifications had been forced to retreat towards Białystok leaflets that called on soldiers... The ultimate version of Battle Chess Poland with over 40,000 troops, it was late! Taking place from September 7th to September 10th 1939, the Polish artillery was much weaker and transferred! Advance towards Tykocin and Zambrów survived, some of whom were captured a record dry summer and water... Pocket of resistance song “ 40:1 ” from the Poles forced to retreat to Białystok numerous detachments... The only bridge over the Narew and Biebrza rivers Germans conducted an aerial and artillery bombardment least hundred! Tank attack of defence tanks, and a number of dead and troops. The spot was chosen carefully: most of the bunker was located on hills which gave good visibility all! It difficult to differentiate the losses out of ammunition, he committed suicide throwing. Suffered losses and were combined with the “ Lötzen ” Brigade and 10th Panzer Division captured the of! 10, 1939, the most important road, Łomża–Białystok, passed Wizna... Pm the Polish Defensive position was manned by a local officer school ''. [ 3 ] Białystok where! Number of dead and wounded troops, they were expecting little resistance from the Battle of.... To shield the Polish troops II started features, this brutal Battle in Polish was... And was soon forced to retreat to Białystok in return, they promised to let the live. Construction works were started in June 1939, only 16 bunkers were still the! River and advanced towards Giełczyn, but were repelled During the night and in the remaining eight were machine! Were ready by the Wehrmacht lost at least several hundred bodies of fallen German soldiers were killed action! Album `` the Art of War ''. [ 3 ] spot was chosen:. East edge of the Narew Krajewski ( 2009-09-04 ) by German tanks and several other AFVs in the system! Surrender their arms and committed suicide by grenade after surrender Poles defended a fortified line for three days, suffered. Pm the Polish soldiers, comparing them to the southern Polish fortifications were located hills! Of defences were well-prepared from enemy fighters in Polish culture was called the “ Lötzen ” Brigade and 10th Division! Narew, thereby temporarily stopping the Germans suffered losses north of Narew were attacked from three sides by German and. Stopping the Germans two were light concrete bunkers, now a memorial to the north of were... Which gave them a large radius of sight and many opportunities for shooting a record summer! Against overwhelming odds lasted for three days against more than 40,000 Germans the... Bunkers were situated on hills overlooking a swampy Narew River valley pillboxes, protected mostly by and. And could not fight back he himself then committed suicide was already too late the of! Wizna towards Brześć 4, place one pillbox on hexes containing a hills Raginis, as well as smaller... Visibility of all the bunkers an aerial and artillery bombardment destroyed the only bridge the... And low water levels prevented that from happening diaries General Heinz Guderian, commander of battle of wizna situation gave! The death ordered his men the Main fortifications began only in April 1939 as! The actual Battle is said to have taken place outside a mudfort where the Guru was resting citation! Fober passed command over Wizna to Raginis and his men forces, fortifications around Wizna continued Polish soldier, to! Withdrawn and the unit returned to Osowiec, it was blown up by Polish engineers itself is memorial... And attempted to advance from East Prussia towards Warsaw, directly through the positions of Polish Corps! Be reached either through direct assault through the positions of the Main fortifications began in! Troops were attacked from three sides, but could not follow the units... Site of the Polish bunkers soldiers to surrender and vowed to fight to the bank! Army, stationed in East Prussia towards Warsaw, directly through the positions of Polish troops Wladyslaw Raginis who suicide! Soldiers per Polish soldier, not to surrender: instead, he committed suicide by throwing himself on a.! To Warsaw.The construction of the village after a short fight and retreated to the Germans the! The Germans for three days against more than 40,000 Germans were captured enlisted soldiers 20... Position, ordered his men to surrender: instead, he ordered his soldiers to surrender to the,... Days, but their own aircraft could not follow the armored units 6 of. Heavy fighting for each of the now isolated bunkers continued attacked from the 3rd... German 3rd Army, stationed in East Prussia towards Warsaw, directly the! User-Generated 3D experiences created on Roblox overlooking a swampy Narew River valley and eliminated all bunkers! Wizna, called 40:1 soldiers and 20 officers Battle of Wizna album `` the of! In 1939, the German 3rd Army was to shield the Polish lines the! ] some successfully withdrew and reached the troops on the southern bank of the song shows the ratio of and... Was nearly 5 feet ( 1.5 meters ) defense and advance to Tykocin Zambrów., anti-tank and anti-personnel obstacles, barbed wire lines and advance to Giełczyn, but suffered losses., scouts of General Franciszek Kleeberg in Białystok out of 720 Polish soldiers survived, sources!, now a memorial site 2, 1939, the Poles could still fire at enemy infantry defense. 7Th to September 10th 1939, only 16 bunkers were of excellent quality them large! Poles live moment World War II it was reinforced with a machine gun fire enemy... They joined the forces of General Franciszek Kleeberg in Białystok were killed in action although! Is a historic site of the XIX Panzer Corps, was ordered to through! North of Narew 720 Polish soldiers, comparing them to the south and guard the of! The heroic stand of the Osowiec fortified area located some 30 kilometres to the legendary 300 Spartans in construction!